Explains how to use concepts as a set of pages described by a semantic query.
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Concepts are SMW queries that are stored on dedicated pages. These pages can be viewed as "dynamic categories", i.e. as collections of pages that are not created manually, but that are computed by SMW from the description given by a query. An example could be the concept of European cities. In traditional MediaWiki installations, one may have a category called European cities that holds all such cities. In SMW, one would instead define the concept "European cities" by saying that it contains all cities that are located in Europe. No city page needs to be changed, and yet one can create many concepts about cities (such as "capital", "Italian city", or "large coastal city located at a river").

Creating a concept[edit]

A concept is a page in the Concept: namespace that is always described by a semantic query, as explained in Semantic search. For example, a concept called "Concept:Semantic MediaWiki Cons 2012" describes Semantic MediaWiki Cons in 2012. Its concept page contains the following text to do that:

 [[Has planned start::> Jan 1 2012]]
 [[Has planned finish::< Dec 31 2012]] 
 |Semantic MediaWiki Cons in the year 2012 that have been announced on this wiki.

The parser function #concept is used to define concepts. It's first parameter is a concept definition. It selects pages by applying three selection steps:

  1. the page has to be in the Category:Event category
  2. the Property:Has planned start has to have a value later than 2012-01-01
  3. the Property:Has planned finish has to have a value earlier than 2012-12-31

It's second parameter is a short text that describes the concept. This description is optional and can also be left away. It is exploited in some uses of concepts in Semantic MediaWiki to have a concise short description of the concept (e.g. as a default description in RSS feeds). The complete concept page will then show this data, and give a preview of the results.

It is possible to have other content on the concept page as well. Any normal wiki text can go before and after the use of #concept but it will not have any effect on the definition of the concept. The #concept parser function can only be used on pages in the Concept: namespace, and it can only be used once on each such page.

Using a concept[edit]

Concept pages as such can be browsed to view the contents of some concept, similar to category pages. But they can also be used in other semantic queries just like categories. For example, the following query would show all pages in the above concept of events and show where the event was located:

 [[Concept:Semantic MediaWiki Cons 2012]]
 |?Has location=Location
SMWCon Fall 2012
SMWCon Spring 2012

Note that this would look almost the same if we would have a category called "Semantic Web events 2012". Therefore, concepts are also like stored queries that can be reused as a kind of variable in other queries if desired.

Inline queries may also use concepts, and in some cases even the concept definition is used to beautify an output. Concept definitions are also included in SMW's RDF export in form of OWL 2 class descriptions, so that other Semantic Web tools can download and reuse the concept descriptions.

Concepts with Page Forms[edit]

With the extension "Page Forms"Allows to create and use forms for adding and editing pages with and without semantic data you can use concepts for:

Nesting concepts[edit]

Since Semantic MediaWiki 2.1.0Released on 19 January 2015 and compatible with MW 1.19.0 - 1.24.x. it is possible to use concepts within concepts,1 i.e. if one creates concepts Concept:Talk as

 |Talks of different types


Concept:Tutorial as


then Concept:SMWCon with

 [[Has conference type::SMWCon]]
 |Semantic MediaWiki Conferences

and concept Concept:SMWCon Talks with

 [[Has conference::~SMWCon*]]
 |Talks at an SMWConference

You can also combine concepts e.g. Concept:Tutorial at SMWCon

 [[Concept:SMWCon Talks]]
 |Tutorials at SMW Conferences

Caching concepts[edit]

To improve performance, a site administrator should implement concept caching on the wiki.