Help:Pretty URIs

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If one wants to have pretty URIs (or "short URIs"), more compliant to linked data principles, some settings for MediaWiki and SemanticMediaWiki are necessary. Here is how it works, exemplified for


Usually, SMW automatically creates the respective URIs for all resources described, e.g., see Karlsruhe in

However, you may want to have pretty URIs, e.g., see Karlsruhe in

Necessary Steps

For that, one needs to do:

1) Add configuration for short URLs to your "LocalSettings.php" file:

// Pretty URIs MediaWiki
$wgScriptPath = "/";            # Path to the actual files.
$wgArticlePath = "/wiki/$1";    # Virtual path. This directory MUST be different from the one used in $wgScriptPath
$wgUsePathInfo = true;          # Enable use of pretty URLs

// Namespace config for Semantic MediaWiki
$smwgNamespace = '';

2) Define alias and rewrite rules in the VirtualHost on the Apache webserver

# Define Alias 
Alias /wiki /var/www/htdocs/w/index.php

# Rewrite to URIResolver of Semantic MediaWiki
RewriteRule ^/id/(.*) /wiki/Special:URIResolver/$1 [L,P]

See also

This documentation page applies to all SMW versions from 1.5.0 to the most current version.
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Help:Pretty URIs en 1.5.0